The rocket launcher, valued for its long range and attack spread, is an important weapon that has played a significant role in the development of China’s artillery. Here we examine the history of Chinese rocket launchers.
China Armed Forces No.25,Vol.1,2014
63/63-1 130-mm rocket launcher
The powerful 63 130-mm rocket launcher was one of the first used by China’s army. It was finalized in 1963. It has 19 130-mm launch tubes. The maximum range is 10 kilometers. It is fitted to an NJ230 cross-country vehicle, which can run up to 50 kilometers per hour.
The 63-1 130-mm rocket launcher is a remodeled version of the 63. The biggest change was the carrier. The six-wheel EQ 240 replaced the previous four-wheel vehicle, improving mobility. The bigger vehicle included a magazine in front of the launch tubes, increasing firepower.
70 130-mm track rocket launcher
The 70 130-mm was the Chinese army’s first-generation track rocket launcher. It combined the 63 130-mm rocket launcher with the 63 armored personnel carrier. The combination improved both the vehicle’s mobility and its defense. The tubes can go up and down through hydraulic pressure, rising 500 millimeters while shooting. The transition only takes two minutes. The maximum speed is 60 kilometers per hour and maximum range 10 kilometers.
81 107-mm self-propelled rocket launcher
The 81 107-mm self-propelled rocket launcher was finalized in 1982. It combined the 63 107-mm rocket launcher with the NJ221 cross-country vehicle. The rocket launcher can fire from the vehicle or be placed on the ground. It has 12 launch tubes in three rows. Its maximum range is 8.5 kilometers and maximum speed is 100 kilometers per hour.